بِسۡمِ ٱللهِ ٱلرَّحۡمَـٰنِ ٱلرَّحِيمِ
إِنَّ أَوَّلَ بَيۡتٍ۬ وُضِعَ لِلنَّاسِ لَلَّذِى بِبَكَّةَ مُبَارَكً۬ا وَهُدً۬ى لِّلۡعَـٰلَمِينَ فِيهِ ءَايَـٰتُۢ بَيِّنَـٰتٌ۬ مَّقَامُ إِبۡرَٲهِيمَۖ
وَمَن دَخَلَهُ ۥ كَانَ ءَامِنً۬اۗ وَلِلَّهِ عَلَى ٱلنَّاسِ حِجُّ ٱلۡبَيۡتِ مَنِ ٱسۡتَطَاعَ إِلَيۡهِ سَبِيلاً۬ۚ وَمَن كَفَرَ فَإِنَّ ٱللَّهَ
غَنِىٌّ عَنِ ٱلۡعَـٰلَمِينَ
“The first House (of worship) appointed for men was that at Bakkah (old name of Makkah): full of blessing and of guidance for all kinds of beings:
In it are signs manifest; (for example), the Station of Abraham; whoever enters it attains security; pilgrimage thereto is a duty men owe to Allah―those who can afford the journey; but if any deny faith; Allah stands not in need of any of His creatures.“
(Qur’an: aali ‘Imran: 3: 97)
وَإِذۡ بَوَّأۡنَا لِإِبۡرَٲهِيمَ مَكَانَ ٱلۡبَيۡتِ أَن لَّا تُشۡرِكۡ بِى شَيۡـًٔ۬ا وَطَهِّرۡ بَيۡتِىَ لِلطَّآٮِٕفِينَ وَٱلۡقَآٮِٕمِينَ
وَٱلرُّڪَّعِ ٱلسُّجُودِ وَأَذِّن فِى ٱلنَّاسِ بِٱلۡحَجِّ يَأۡتُوكَ رِجَالاً۬ وَعَلَىٰ ڪُلِّ ضَامِرٍ۬ يَأۡتِينَ مِن كُلِّ فَجٍّ
عَمِيقٍ۬ لِّيَشۡهَدُواْ مَنَـٰفِعَ لَهُمۡ وَيَذۡڪُرُواْ ٱسۡمَ ٱللَّهِ فِىٓ أَيَّامٍ۬ مَّعۡلُومَـٰتٍ عَلَىٰ مَا رَزَقَهُم مِّنۢ بَهِيمَةِ
ٱلۡأَنۡعَـٰمِۖ فَكُلُواْ مِنۡہَا وَأَطۡعِمُواْ ٱلۡبَآٮِٕسَ ٱلۡفَقِيرَ ثُمَّ لۡيَقۡضُواْ تَفَثَهُمۡ وَلۡيُوفُواْ نُذُورَهُمۡ وَلۡيَطَّوَّفُواْ
بِٱلۡبَيۡتِ ٱلۡعَتِيقِ ذَٲلِكَ وَمَن يُعَظِّمۡ حُرُمَـٰتِ ٱللَّهِ فَهُوَ خَيۡرٌ۬ لَّهُ ۥ عِندَ رَبِّهِۦۗ وَأُحِلَّتۡ لَڪُمُ ٱلۡأَنۡعَـٰمُ إِلَّا مَا
يُتۡلَىٰ عَلَيۡڪُمۡۖ فَٱجۡتَنِبُواْ ٱلرِّجۡسَ مِنَ ٱلۡأَوۡثَـٰنِ وَٱجۡتَنِبُواْ قَوۡلَ ٱلزُّورِ حُنَفَآءَ لِلَّهِ غَيۡرَ مُشۡرِكِينَ بِهِۦۚ
“Behold! We gave the site, to Abraham, of the (Sacred) House (saying): "Associate not any thing (in worship) with Me; and sanctify My House for those who compass it round, or stand up or bow or prostrate themselves (therein in prayer).
"And proclaim the Pilgrimage among men: they will come to thee on foot and (mounted) on every kind of camel, lean on account of journeys through deep and distant mountain highways;
"That they may witness the benefits (provided) for them, and celebrate the name of Allah, through the Days appointed over the cattle which He has provided for them (for sacrifice): then eat ye thereof and feed the distressed ones in want.
"Then let them complete the rites prescribed for them, perform their vows, and (again) circumambulate the Ancient House."
Such (is the Pilgrimage): whoever honours the sacred rites of Allah, for him it is good in the sight of his Lord. Lawful to you (for food in pilgrimage) are cattle, except those mentioned to you (as exceptions): so shun the abomination of idols, and shun the word that is false― Being true in faith to Allah and never assigning partners to Him:”
(Qur’an: Hajj: 22: 26-31)
وَإِذۡ جَعَلۡنَا ٱلۡبَيۡتَ مَثَابَةً۬ لِّلنَّاسِ وَأَمۡنً۬ا وَٱتَّخِذُواْ مِن مَّقَامِ إِبۡرَٲهِـۧمَ مُصَلًّ۬ىۖ وَعَهِدۡنَآ إِلَىٰٓ
إِبۡرَٲهِـۧمَ وَإِسۡمَـٰعِيلَ أَن طَهِّرَا بَيۡتِىَ لِلطَّآٮِٕفِينَ وَٱلۡعَـٰكِفِينَ وَٱلرُّڪَّعِ ٱلسُّجُودِ
وَإِذۡ قَالَ إِبۡرَٲهِـۧمُ رَبِّ ٱجۡعَلۡ هَـٰذَا بَلَدًا ءَامِنً۬ا وَٱرۡزُقۡ أَهۡلَهُ ۥ مِنَ ٱلثَّمَرَٲتِ مَنۡ ءَامَنَ مِنۡہُم
بِٱللَّهِ وَٱلۡيَوۡمِ ٱلۡأَخِرِۖ قَالَ وَمَن كَفَرَ فَأُمَتِّعُهُ ۥ قَلِيلاً۬ ثُمَّ أَضۡطَرُّهُ ۥۤ إِلَىٰ عَذَابِ ٱلنَّارِۖ
وَبِئۡسَ ٱلۡمَصِيرُ وَإِذۡ يَرۡفَعُ إِبۡرَٲهِـۧمُ ٱلۡقَوَاعِدَ مِنَ ٱلۡبَيۡتِ وَإِسۡمَـٰعِيلُ رَبَّنَا تَقَبَّلۡ مِنَّآۖ
إِنَّكَ أَنتَ ٱلسَّمِيعُ ٱلۡعَلِيمُ رَبَّنَا وَٱجۡعَلۡنَا مُسۡلِمَيۡنِ لَكَ وَمِن ذُرِّيَّتِنَآ أُمَّةً۬ مُّسۡلِمَةً۬ لَّكَ وَأَرِنَا
مَنَاسِكَنَا وَتُبۡ عَلَيۡنَآۖ إِنَّكَ أَنتَ ٱلتَّوَّابُ ٱلرَّحِيمُ رَبَّنَا وَٱبۡعَثۡ فِيهِمۡ رَسُولاً۬ مِّنۡہُمۡ يَتۡلُواْ
عَلَيۡہِمۡ ءَايَـٰتِكَ وَيُعَلِّمُهُمُ ٱلۡكِتَـٰبَ وَٱلۡحِكۡمَةَ وَيُزَكِّيہِمۡۚ إِنَّكَ أَنتَ ٱلۡعَزِيزُ ٱلۡحَكِيمُ
وَمَن يَرۡغَبُ عَن مِّلَّةِ إِبۡرَٲهِـۧمَ إِلَّا مَن سَفِهَ نَفۡسَهُ ۥۚ وَلَقَدِ ٱصۡطَفَيۡنَـٰهُ فِى ٱلدُّنۡيَاۖ
وَإِنَّهُ ۥ فِى ٱلۡأَخِرَةِ لَمِنَ ٱلصَّـٰلِحِينَ إِذۡ قَالَ لَهُ ۥ رَبُّهُ ۥۤ أَسۡلِمۡۖ قَالَ أَسۡلَمۡتُ لِرَبِّ ٱلۡعَـٰلَمِينَ
وَوَصَّىٰ بِہَآ إِبۡرَٲهِـۧمُ بَنِيهِ وَيَعۡقُوبُ يَـٰبَنِىَّ إِنَّ ٱللَّهَ ٱصۡطَفَىٰ لَكُمُ ٱلدِّينَ فَلَا تَمُوتُنَّ
إِلَّا وَأَنتُم مُّسۡلِمُونَ
"Remember We made the House a place of assembly for men and a place of safety; and take ye the station of Abraham as a place of prayer; and We covenanted with Abraham and Isma`il that they should sanctify My House for those who compass it round or use it as a retreat or bow, or prostrate themselves (therein in prayer).
And remember Abraham said: "My Lord make this a City of Peace, and feed its people with fruits―such of them as believe in Allah and the Last Day." He said: "(Yea) and such as reject faith―for a while will I grant them their pleasure, but will soon drive them to the torment of fire―an evil destination (indeed)!"
And remember Abraham and Isma`il raised the foundations of the House (with this prayer): "Our Lord! accept (this service) from us; for thou art the All-Hearing the All-Knowing.
"Our Lord! Make of us Muslims bowing to Thy (Will) and of our progeny a people Muslim bowing to Thy (Will) and show us our places for the celebration of (due) rites; and turn unto us (in Mercy); for Thou art the Oft-Returning Most-Merciful.
"Our Lord! send amongst them a Messenger of their own who shall rehearse Thy Signs to them and instruct them in Scripture and Wisdom, and purify them; for Thou art the Exalted in Might the Wise."
And who turns away from the religion of Abraham but such as debase their souls with folly? Him We chose and rendered pure in this world: and he will be in the Hereafter in the ranks of the Righteous.
Behold! His Lord said to him: "Submit (thy will to Me)" He said: "I bow (my will) to the Lord and Cherisher of the universe."
And this was the legacy that Abraham left to his sons and so did Jacob; "O my sons! Allah hath chosen the faith for you; then die not except in the state of submission (to Allah)."
(Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 125-132)
Original rites of pilgrimage to the Ka’bah in Makkah instituted since the time of Patriarch Abraham (Ibrahim a.s.), known also as Khalee-lullah (Friend of God), regarded as the rebuilder of the Ka’bah after its destruction by the great Flood, the propagator of the original pure monotheism (Tauhiid), which Prophet Muhammad s.a.w. came to restore - the rites of Hajj being one of the teachings which also consist of re-enactments of past events at the various sites around Makkah – Arafah, Mina and Muzdfalifah. The Ka’bah still stands and also preserved with it is the miraculous well of “zam-zam” and the Mount of Safa and Marwa – historical evidences of the symbol of Allah’s grace upon Prophet Ibrahim, his wife Hagar and his first-born son Prophet Isma’il (‘alaihimus-salaam)..
Genesis 21: 18-21 “... And God heard the voice of the lad; and the angel of God called to Hagar from heaven, and said to her, “What troubles you, Hagar? Fear not; for God has heard the voice of the lad where he is. Arise, lift up the lad, and hold him fast with your hand; for I will make him a great nation.” Then God opened her eyes, and she saw a well of water; and she went, and filled the skin with water, and gave the lad a drink. And God was with the lad, and he grew up; he lived in the wilderness, and became an expert with the bow. He lived in the wilderness of Paran...”
REFLECTION: MAKKAH is in PARAN
To Muslims, the above relates to the history of the beginning of Makkah, with the tribulation of the family of Prophet Ibrahim a.s.- Hajar and his first-born infant Isma’il a.s. After Hajar had frantically ran between the two hillocks of Safa and Marwa whilst at the same time supplicating to Allah s.w.t. in search of water, they were bestowed with the well of zam-zam. This is the SA’IE, one of the rites re-enacted till today by pilgrims. And beside the well of zam-zam, Prophets Ibrahim and Isma’il a.s. were later shown the foundation of the oldest house of worship upon which they rebuild the Ka’bah.
1 K viii 46-49 - “ ... and pray to Thee toward their land which Thou gavest to their fathers, the city which Thou has chosen, and the house which I have built for Thy name”;
Psalm xxviii 2 – “Hear the voice of my supplication, as I cry to Thee for help, as I lift up my hands toward Thy most Holy Sanctuary.”;
REFLECTION: THE QIBLAH (Direction to offer worship)
Biblical Prophets always had a certain direction in their worship - Qiblah, usually towards a house of worship consecrated in the name of God. Prophet Sulaiman a.s. had built such a temple in Jerusalem, and the Bani Isra’il while in captivity in Babylon would turn their faces towards Jerusalem, even after the destruction of this temple. For Muslims, who at one time faced towards the same Qiblah (direction towards Jerusalem for worship), Allah s.a.w. had redirected their Qiblah to the Ka’bah rebuilt by Ibrahim and Isma’il a.s. (the oldest house of worship ever built on earth). From then on, billions have turned their faces towards this spot on earth, daily without fail - drawn by the force of faith in the One True God. This, indeed, is a miracle for those who would reflect, for no other religion, organizer of events nor any earthly power has been able to do likewise in this unification of purpose, transcending all differences, save the consciousness of Allah. AlHamdulillaah!
وَمِنۡ حَيۡثُ خَرَجۡتَ فَوَلِّ وَجۡهَكَ شَطۡرَ ٱلۡمَسۡجِدِ ٱلۡحَرَامِۖ وَإِنَّهُ ۥ لَلۡحَقُّ مِن رَّبِّكَۗ وَمَا ٱللَّهُ بِغَـٰفِلٍ عَمَّا تَعۡمَلُونَ وَمِنۡ حَيۡثُ خَرَجۡتَ فَوَلِّ وَجۡهَكَ شَطۡرَ ٱلۡمَسۡجِدِ ٱلۡحَرَامِۚ وَحَيۡثُ مَا كُنتُمۡ فَوَلُّواْ وُجُوهَڪُمۡ شَطۡرَهُ ۥ لِئَلَّا يَكُونَ لِلنَّاسِ عَلَيۡكُمۡ حُجَّةٌ إِلَّا ٱلَّذِينَ ظَلَمُواْ مِنۡہُمۡ فَلَا تَخۡشَوۡهُمۡ وَٱخۡشَوۡنِى وَلِأُتِمَّ نِعۡمَتِى عَلَيۡكُمۡ وَلَعَلَّكُمۡ تَہۡتَدُونَ كَمَآ أَرۡسَلۡنَا فِيڪُمۡ رَسُولاً۬ مِّنڪُمۡ يَتۡلُواْ عَلَيۡكُمۡ ءَايَـٰتِنَا وَيُزَكِّيڪُمۡ وَيُعَلِّمُڪُمُ ٱلۡكِتَـٰبَ وَٱلۡحِڪۡمَةَ وَيُعَلِّمُكُم مَّا لَمۡ تَكُونُواْ تَعۡلَمُونَ فَٱذۡكُرُونِىٓ أَذۡكُرۡكُمۡ وَٱشۡڪُرُواْ لِى وَلَا تَكۡفُرُونِ
From whencesoever thou startest forth, turn thy face in the direction of the Sacred Mosque; that is indeed the truth from thy Lord. And Allah is not unmindful of what ye do.
So from whencesoever thou startest forth turn thy face in the direction of the Sacred Mosque; and wheresoever ye are turn your face thither That there be no ground of dispute against you among the people Except those of them that are bent on wickedness; so fear them not but fear Me; and that I may complete My favors on you and ye may (consent to) be guided.
A similar (favour have ye already received) in that We have sent among you a Messenger of your own rehearsing to you Our signs, and purifying you, and instructing you in Scripture and wisdom, and in new Knowledge.
Then do ye remember Me; I will remember you. Be grateful to Me and reject not faith.
(Qur'an: Baqarah: 2: 149-152)
Deuteronomy 18: 17-20 – “And the Lord said to me [i.e. Moses a.s.], ‘They have rightly said all that they have spoken. I will raise up a prophet like you from among their brethren; and I will put my words in his mouth, and he will speak to them all that I command him. And whoever will not give heed to my words which he shall speak in my name, I myself will require it of him.”
Deuteronomy 33:2 – “He (Moses) said, “The Lord came from Sinai, and dawned from Se’ir upon us; he shone forth from Paran, he came from the ten thousands of holy ones, with flaming fire at his right hand; Yea, he loved his people; all those who consecrated to him were in his hand; so they followed in thy steps...”
REFLECTION: PROPHECY OF THE COMING OF MUHAMMAD s.a.w.
This Biblical passages is significant for Muslims who interprete these as the Prophecy of the coming of Prophet Muhammad s.a.w. the Awaited Seal of Prophethood.He is the fufilment of Prophet Ibrahim's Du'a - request to Allah (ref: Qur'an: Baqarah: 2: 129 above). Paran being Arabia, and his coming with “ten thousand holy ones” vividly described his conquest over the Makkan with an army of ten thousand Muslims, in what is known as “Fathul-Makkah”, his likeness to Prophet Moses a.s. with power to rule as a sage and as a king with the Law of Allah; especially his receiving the revelations of the Qur'an. The passage "and I will put My words in his mouth, and he shall speak to them all that I command him. And whoever will not give heed to My words which he shall speak in My name.." unmistakably is referring to Prophet Muhammad s.a.w. This can be borne out from the manner the Qur'an was revealed, ad verbetim to him who was illiterate (ummiy), in perfect Arabic unknown to anyone and which they cannot produce a likeness to it; intermittent the revelation proclaim God's name e,g. in the first revelation "Read in the name of thy Lord who creates .." and intermittently the phrase "In the Name of God, Most Gracious, Most Merciful." And he conveyed them - repeating the exact words from Allah, adverbatim; his love and compassion, his ability to transform pagan Arabia to Tauhiid, etc. To read further (click here).
Habakkuk 3: 2-3 - “.. in wrath remember mercy; God came from Teman; The Holy One from Mount Paran, His glory covered the heavens and the earth was full of his praise, Selah 1, His brightness was like the light, rays flashed from his hand, and there he veiled his power...”
1 THE JEWISH BIBLE “Tanakh the Holy Scriptures’’ states, in reference to this word ‘Selah’ as: “A musical direction of uncertain meaning.” Pg 1067. To Muslims however, this sounds similar to ( صَلِّ )‘SOLAH’ (in reference to praising Prophet Muhammad s.a.w. Allah commands the believers to say ‘solawah’ ( صلوة ) upon him too, just as Allah and the angels is doing – as recorded in Qur’an: Surah al-Ahzab: 33: 56:
إِنَّ ٱللَّهَ وَمَلَـٰٓٮِٕڪَتَهُ ۥ يُصَلُّونَ عَلَى ٱلنَّبِىِّۚ يَـٰٓأَيُّہَا ٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ
صَلُّواْ عَلَيۡهِ وَسَلِّمُواْ تَسۡلِيمًا
“Allah and His angels, send blessings on the Prophet: O ye that believe! send ye blessings on him and salute him, with all respect.”
اللّهُـمَّ صَلِّ عَلـى مُحمَّـد،وَعَلـى آلِ مُحمَّد
كَمـا صَلَّيـتَ عَلـى إبْراهـيمَ وَعَلـى آلِ إبْراهـيم
إِنَّكَ حَمـيدٌ مَجـيد ، اللّهُـمَّ بارِكْ عَلـى مُحمَّـد، وَعَلـى آلِ مُحمَّـد
كَمـا بارِكْتَ عَلـى إبْراهـيمَ وَعَلـى آلِ إبْراهيم، إِنَّكَ حَمـيدٌ مَجـيد
‘O Allah, send prayers (salutations) upon Muhammad and the family (followers) of Muhammad, just as You sent prayers upon Ibraheem and upon the family (followers) of Ibraheem. Verily, You are full of praise and majesty. O Allah, send blessings upon Mohammad and upon the family (followers) of Muhammad, just as You sent blessings upon Ibraheem and upon the family (followers) of Ibraheem. Verily, You are full of praise and majesty.’
March 20, 2009
Courtesy of Atkin, Compiled & Edited By Team Oasis, A proposed Development and expansion of Masjidil Haram In Makkah.